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St. Mary In The Valley Anglican Church, Kelmscott

Kelmscott St Mary In The Valley
The organ inEccles, Kent (UK)

Kelmscott St Mary In The Valley
Organist Colin van der Lecq, October 2007

Kelmscott St Mary In The Valley

Termite Damage
Photo: Rev Ben van der Klip

St Mary In The Valley Kelmscott
The restored organ, 2013

St Mary In The Valley Kelmscott

Name of institution St. Mary In The Valley Anglican Church
Type of institution Church
Street Address River Road
City Kelmscott
State Western Australia
Country Australia
Name of building St. Mary In The Valley Anglican Church
Name of room
Dates of the building
Architect’s and builder’s names
Special architectural features
Special fittings
Other location information
Name of contact
Mailing Address
Other contact information
Previous organ(s)
Date of previous organ None
Detail of previous organ
Dates when key work has been undertaken
Dates of any moves that have taken place
Variations from original design of organ
Information on previous organ
Information about comparable instruments to previous organ
Present organ
Type of installation Free standing
Case description Oak case work, gilded case pipes, Limewood carvings.
approx 200cm x 80cm x 350cm.
Rebuilt 2013.
Placement in room Front left of altar
Builder's name Unknown
Opus number Unknown
Date of completion/installation circa 1751 (research by Len Richardson and Dot Croft) An English Chamber organ c1750
Restored and relocated to Australia in 1971
Installed in St Mary's Church 1973
Construction materials
Number of manuals One
Key compasses
Number of keys 54 notes
Key material New key set of bone and ebony,
Pedal compass None
Number of pedals None
Pedalboard type None
Pedalboard material None
Type of chests
Type of key action Mechanical
Type of stop action Mechanical
Couplers Shifting movement pedal at left to all stops on left jamb, swell box hitch-down pedal at right, player's pumping pedal, centre.
Accessories Pumping handle to the right hand side of the case.
Console type Integrated, drawstop
Stop label material
Placement Left and Right jambs
General design Pitch: A = 440
Temperament: 5th comma Meantone
Playing aids None
Wind pressures 2 1/2"
Stop list
Left jamb (from bottom)
Open Diapason 8' (from bass G) Added (possibly19thC.)
Fifteenth Bass
26 metal pipes
to mid C Original
Cornet 3 rank 12.15.17 from mid C# New reconstruction
Sesquialtra 4 rank to mid C New reconstruction
Fifteenth Treble
28 metal pipes
from mid C# Original
Right Jamb (from bottom)
Stop Diapason
54 pipes of pine
54 metal pipes
54 pipes of oak
28 metal pipes in Swell box
from mid C# New reconstruction
Total number of stops Nine
Total number of ranks 14
Total number of pipes
Dates when key work has been undertaken on current organ Organ built circa 1751 in England as a chamber organ. The builder is unknown.

Enlarged in 1813 by the addition of the Swell and Pedal organ.
Swell stops were:
    Stopt Diapason 8'
    Dulciana 8'
    Gamba 8'
    Principal 4'
    Lieblich Flute 4'
    Flautina 2'
    Pedal was a short compass Bourdon 16'.

Restored in 1973 by Dudley Bastian. Swell division and Pedal pulldowns removed and put into storage in the church.
Manual stops:
    Open Diapason 8'
    Stopt Diapason 8'
    Principal 4'
    Lieblich 4'
    Twelfth 2 2/3'
    Fifteenth 2'

The organ was almost completely destroyed by an infestation of termites in 2006. A total reconstruction of the organ to the original specification was commissioned and completed in 2013.

Dates of any moves that have taken place to current organ Located in 1969 at St Mark's Anglican Church, Eccles, Kent, UK, by Dudley Bastian. At that stage the organ was two-manual/pedal as seen in the historical photograph.

Shipped to Australia in 1971.

At some stage after installation (originally at the rear of the church) the organ was moved to it's current position at front left of altar.
Information on current organ This is the oldest organ in Western Australia and among the oldest in Australia. This instrument was originally thought by some to be by one of the early English builders such as Father Smith or Snetzler, but later opinion is that it is of early 19th century origin built into an 18th century English case. Whatever its origin it has been altered, albeit probably more than 100 years ago.
Comparable instruments to current organ
Current status A magnificently restored instrument
Assessment of organ
Other organs by this builder Not known - none in Australia
Photographs Photograph of historic organ by Dudley Bastian
Photographs of organ and church interior by Bruce Duncan
Photographs of organ restoration by Graham Devenish
Photograph of termite damage by Rev Ben van der Klip
Technical documents
General documents Information about locating, moving and restoring the organ from Dudley Bastian.
Commentary on history of the organ by Bob Elms.
Supporting information
Document control Original entries J R Elms, OAM, Gazetteer of Western Australian Pipe Organs, 1971, 1999,2003 and 2004.
This entry D B Duncan 26 January 2009.
Builder date from In The Pipeline, June/July 2003
Additional detail from In The Pipeline August/September 1999
Additional detail from In The Pipeline June/July 2000
Additional details from Graham Devenish 08 July 2013