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WESTERN AUSTRALIAN PIPE ORGANS

Fremantle St Patrick

StPat

St Pat
Above two photos by David Nicholson

Fremantle St Patrick


Fremantle St Patrick

Fremantle St Patrick



Name of institution The Basilica of St. Patrick
Type of institution Church
Street Address Adelaide Street
City Fremantle
State Western Australia
Postcode
Country Australia
Name of building The Basilica of St. Patrick
Name of room Church
Dates of the building The foundation stone was laid on St Patrick’s Day, 17 March 1898 and the nave opened on 3 June 1900
Architect’s and builder’s names Michael Francis Cavanagh
Special architectural features St Patrick’s Basilica is a magnificent stone building in 14th century Gothic style, with flying buttresses flanking the west front and a traceried window of eight lights.
His design envisaged a spacious nave with aisles and clerestory, transepts, a wide and spacious apse, and a colossal tower and spire (supported by flying buttresses) rising from the northern side of the building. Only the nave was initially completed and a new sanctuary of equivalent scale was opened on 24 April 1960. The building was raised to the status of a minor basilica in 1994, one of only four buildings in Australia sharing this distinction.
Special fittings
Other location information
Name of contact
Mailing Address
Telephone
Email
Other contact information The St Patrick's Fremantle was established around 1850, the third Catholic Community in Western Australia after St Mary's Cathedral Parish Perth and the Benedictine community of New Norcia. Till 1894 the parish was served mainly by Diocesan Priests with the exception of the 1850s when it was served by a number of Benedictines who each came for a short time. Since 1894 the parish has been entrusted to the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate. It was their first foundation in Australia and they have now been responsible for its pastoral care for 102 years.
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Date of previous organs 1895
Detail of previous organs Built by Bishop & Son, London and Ipswich.  Installed 1901.
2 manuals, 21 stops, 7 couplers, mechanical action.
Original cost £235 (The West Australian, 24 April 1993)
Some parts of the organ thought to have been built by Kendall, Kensington (England) in 1851.
GREAT
Open Diapason 8'
8'
8'
Harmonic Flute 4'
4'
2-2/3'
2'
SWELL
Open Diapason 8'
Salicional 8'
Stopped Flute 8'
Principal 4'
Concert Flute 4'
2-2/3'
Fifteenth 2'
Oboe 8'
8'
PEDAL
Subbass 16'
Bourdon 16'
Bass flute 8'
8'
4'
Dates when key work has been undertaken Renovated 1906 by J E Dodd.
Rebuilt 1966 by J.E. Dodd and Sons Gunstar Organ Works, Adelaide.  Organ case was divided and the action electrified.
Dates of any moves that have taken place Organ removed 1989 and broken up.  Some parts used in new organ.
Variations from original design of organ
Information on previous organs Great chest was inscribed Kendal, Kensington 1851.
The Bishop organ, with its diminutive swell compass, may have arrived in Western Australia second hand. According to the Directory of British Organ Builders, Edward Kendall was working as an organ builder in Kensington, London between 1826 and 1855 and was born c. 1795.
Information about comparable instruments to previous organs
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Present organ
Type of installation
Case description Highly decorated gothic case in Philippine cedar.
Placement in room Western Gallery and right Transept
Builder's name Bellsham Pipe Organs (Australia)
Opus number
Date of completion/installation 1988-1990
Construction materials
Number of manuals Four (4)
Key compasses
Number of keys 61
Key material
Pedal compass
Number of pedals 32
Pedalboard type
Pedalboard material
Type of chests
Type of key action Electro-pneumatic
Type of stop action Electro-pneumatic
Couplers Positive to Pedal, Great to Pedal, Swell to Pedal, Positive 4' to Pedal, Great 4' to Pedal, Swell 4' to Pedal, Choir to Pedal, Bombarde to Pedal, Choir 4' to Pedal, Bombarde 4' to Pedal, Transept to Pedal, Swell 16' to Great, Swell to Great,  Swell to Positive, Positive to Great, Positive to Swell, Bombarde to Great, Bombarde to Positive, Bombarde to Swell, Choir to Great
Bombarde OFF IV, Choir to Swell, Choir ON Positive, Transept to Great, Transept to IV, Transept to Positive, Transept to Swell, Choir OFF IV, Swell OFF III, Gt (& coupled manuals) to IV
Transept Couplers: Swell to Pedal, Great to Pedal, Swell 4' to Pedal, Swell to Great, Auto Pedal Coupling, T.O. On Upper/ G.O. On Lower,  Great to Swell/ G.O. Off Upper
Tremulants
Accessories    16 general thumb pistons.
8 divisional thumb pistons to Positive, Great, Swell and Choir.
4 divisional thumb pistons to Bombarde.
6 divisional thumb pistons to duplicate Transept Organ stop-tabs.
8 divisional toe pistons to Pedal and 8 duplicating Swell.
Reversible thumb pistons for:
Bmb to Pos, Sw to Pos, Pos to Ped, Bmb to Gt,
Pos to Gt, Sw to Gt, Gt to Ped, Sw to Ped,
Bmb to Ped, Ch to Ped, Gt to IV,
Reversible toe pistons:
Sw to Ped, Sw to Gt, Gt to Ped, Bmb to Gt.
Thumb pistons:
General Cancel - T.O. Cancel
Crescendo facility with LED display of program and step number.
Electronic metronome.
Transposer - 11 semitones up or down with LED display.
Sequencer with 768 steps per user area (divided into 16 items of 48 steps) and insert facility.
Thumb pistons for "SET" & sequencer "NEXT", "LAST", "RESTORE".
Toe piston for "NEXT".
Console type Detached drawstop console in gallery
Whole organ playable
Detached stopkey console in transept
Grand organ extensively playable
Stop label material
Placement
General design
Playing aids Muldersoft capture System with 1 open & 3 secure user areas.
MIDI Sequencer:
MIDI IN/OUT/THRU port.
3 illuminated switches for:
Choir Expression to Swell
"NEXT" on Divisional Pistons.
Invert Manuals II & I.
3 switches for :-
Generals (9-16) on Pedal Toe Pistons.
Generals (1-8) on Swell Toe Pistons.
Great & Pedal Pistons Coupled.
4 position rotary switch for control of 2 swell pedals:
T.O. Closed / Open / to Swell / to Choir.
Drawstop for Choir Combinations to Positive Pistons.
Drawstop for Pedal Divide coupler.
Choir & Swell expression Pedals
Divisions    Great, Swell, Choir, Positive, Bombarde, Transept Great, Transept Swell, Transept Pedal, Pedal
Wind pressures


Stop list
GREAT
Bourdon 16' A
Principal 8'
Gamba 8'
Harmonic Flute 8'
Bourdon 8' A
Octave 4'
Stopped Flute 4'
Twelfth 2-2/3'
Fifteenth 2'
Fourniture V - VI
Cymbel III
Cornet - M.C. V Bombarde C
Trumpet 8'
Posaune 16' Bombarde D
Trompette en Chamade 8' Bombarde I

POSITIVE
Gedact 8'
Quintade 8'
Prestant 4'
Rohrflute 4'
Octave 2'
Sesquialtera II
Quint 1-1/3'
Scharff IV
Krummhorn 8'
Trompette en Chamade 8' Bombarde I
Cymbelstern
Tremulant
Sub octave & unison off
SWELL
Lieblich Bourdon 16' Choir E
Open Diapason 8'
Rohrflute 8'
Gamba 8'
Voix Celeste T.C. 8'
Principal 4'
Koppelflute 4'
Nasard 2-2/3' F
Fifteenth 2'
Harmonic Piccolo 2' G
Tierce 1-3/5'
Larigot 1-1/3' F
Octave Piccolo 1' G
Mixture IV
Fagotto 16' H
Trumpet 8' W
Oboe 8' H
Vox Humana 8'
Clarion 4'
Tremulant
Tremulant Fast
Octave
Sub Octave
Unison off

CHOIR
Lieblich Bourdon 16' E
Contra Viola 16' K
Harmonic Flute 8' N
Bourdon 8' E
Viola 8' K
Salicional 8' L
Unda Maris T.C. 8' M
Harmonic Flute 4' N
Octave Strings Salicional 4' L, M
Piccolo Bourdon 2' E
Sifflute Bourdon 1' E
Corno di Bassetto 8'
Posaune 8' Bombarde D
Tremulant
Octave
Sub-octave
Unison off

BOMBARDE

Tuba Mirabilis 8' O
Trompette en Chamade 8' I
Posaune 16' D
Posaune 8' D
Posaune 4' D
Cornet T G V C
Nachthorn 8' P
Nachthorn 4' P
Octave
Sub-octave
Unison off
PEDAL
Sub Diapason Acoustic 32' Q
SubBourdonAcoustic 32' R, A
Principal 16' S
Open Diapason Wood 16' Q
Subbass 16' R
Lieblich Bourdon 16' Choir E
Octave 8' S
Bass Flute 8' R
Bourdon 8' Choir E
Viola 8' Choir B
Fifteenth 4' S
Nachthorn 2' Bombarde P
Octave Flute 4' R
Nachthorn 2' Bombarde P
Mixture IV
Contra Posaune 32' Bombarde D
Ophicleide 16' Bombarde O
Posaune 16' Bombarde D
Fagotto 16' Swell H
Posaune 8' Bombarde D
Trumpet 8' Swell W
Schalmey 4'

.
TRANSEPT GREAT
Open Diapason 8'
Gedackt 8'
Spitzgamba 8'
Principal 4'
Flageolet 2'
Mixture III
TRANSEPT SWELL
Rohr Flute 8'
Echo Viole 8'
Voix Celeste TC 8'
Principal 4'
Lieblich Flute 4'
Octave 2'
Basson 16' U
Hautbois 8' U
Oboe Dolce 8'
Tremulant
Octave
Sub-octave
Unison off
TRANSEPT GRAND
Tuba 8' O
Posaune 8' D

Trompette en Chamade

8' I
TRANSEPT PEDAL
Bourdon 16' V
Bourdon 8' V
Basson  16' Swell U



Total number of stops

Gallery: 88
Transept: 21
Total: 109

Total number of ranks Gallery: 72
Transept: 17
Total: 83
Total number of pipes
Dates when key work has been undertaken on current organ Originally built in 1988 as a 4 manual 66 stop organ.
Compass of manuals - 61 notes
Compass of pedals32 notes

Original stoplist:
GREAT
Bourdon 16' #
Principal 8' #
Spitzflute 8'
Octave 4' #
Harmonic Flute 4' 1895 Bishop
Twelfth 2-2/3' #
Fifteenth 2'
Fourniture IV - VI #
Cymbal III #
Cornet  V
Contra Posaune 16' #
Posaune 8' #
Clarion 4' #
Positive to Great
Swell to Great
Solo to Great
Transept to Great

POSITIVE
Gedact 8'
Quintade 8'
Prestant 4'
Rohrflute 4'
Octave 2'
Sesquialtera II
Larigot IV
Krummhorn 8'
Trompette en Chamade 8'
Swell to Pos
Solo to Pos
Transept to Pos
Tremulant
SWELL
Open Diapason 8' 1895 Bishop
Rohrflute 8'
Salicional 8' 1895 Bishop
Voix Celeste T.C. 8'
Principal 4' 1895 Bishop
Koppelflute 4'
Nasard 2-2/3'
Fifteenth 2' 1895 Bishop
Waldflute 2'
Tierce 1-3/5'
Mixture IV
Fagotto 16'
Trumpet 8'
Oboe 8' 1895 Bishop
Vox Humana 8'
Clarion 4'
Tremulant
Octave
Sub Octave
Unison off

SOLO
Stopped Flute 8' 1895 Bishop
Viola 8'
Concert Flute 4' 1895 Bishop
Principal   2'
Piccolo 2'
Terz-None 1-3/5 & 8/9
Sifflute 1'
Corno di Bassetto 8'
Vox Humana   8'
Tremulant
Tuba Mirabilis 8'
Trompette en Chamade 8'
PEDAL
Sub Bourdon 32' #
Principal 16' #
Subbass 16' 1895 Bishop #
Bourdon 16' 1895 Bishop
Octave 8' #
Bass Flute 8' 1895 Bishop
Violoncello 8'
Fifteenth 4' #
Octave Flute 4'
Mixture IV #
Contra Trombone 32' #
Trombone 16' #
Fagotto 16'
Trumpet 8'
Schalmey 4'

# indicates stops duplicated at the Transept console
TRANSEPT GREAT
Rohrflute 8'
Principal 4'
Flachflute 2'
Mixture III
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TRANSEPT POSITIVE

Gedackt  8'
Spitzflute 4'
Nachthorn 4'
Principal  2'
Hautbois 8'
Unison off
Sub octave
Octave
.
TRANSEPT PEDAL

Bourdon

16'
Positive to Great
Great to Pedal
Positive to pedal
Grand organ on
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Rebuild by South Island Organ Company, Timaru, New Zeland, in 1998 involving a complete reorganization and expansion of the internal layout, with several new divisions, additional pipe work and complete revoicing, new winding system, new serial-drive Muldersoft transmission and capture system, and low-profile transept console.
Dates of any moves that have taken place to current organ
Information on current organ The organ incorporates some of the pipework and chests from the earlier Bishop organ.
Comparable instruments to current organ
Current status
Assessment of organ This organ is amongst the largest Church organ installations in the Southern Hemisphere.
Other organs by this builder
Photographs Photographs of organ by South Island Organ Company, Mark Quarmby and Pastór de Lasala.
Photograph of the church by Bruce Duncan
Technical documents  Details of the organ and building from OHTA Conference Book 2004.
Additional information from South Island Organ Company
General documents History of the church from St. Patrick's web site.
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Supporting information
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Document control Original entries J R Elms, OAM, Gazetteer of Western Australian Pipe Organs, 1971, 1999,2003 and 2004.
This entry D B Duncan 03 January 2009.
Updated specification from Patrick Elms 04 January 2011.
Historical 1988 specification from Patrick Elms 06 January 2011.
Additional photos by David Nicholson 28 March 2016.



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